Keratoconus is a disease that creates a thinning of the cornea which is the clear front surface of the eye. Normal pressure within the eye causes the cornea to have a round dome shape, like a ball. However, sometimes the tiny fibers of protein that help hold the cornea in place and keep it from bulging become weak, and the cornea bulges outward like a cone. This change in the cornea’s shape can have a dramatic impact on one’s vision. It normally affects both eyes, but usually progresses at different rates.
Symptoms of Keratoconus
The earliest signs of Keratoconus usually include blurred vision causing frequent changes in eye-glass prescriptions, or vision that cannot be corrected with eye-glasses. As the disease progresses, other symptoms may include:
– Increased light sensitivity
– Difficultly driving at night
– A halo around lights and ghosting (especially at night)
– Eye strain
– Headaches and general eye pain
– Eye irritation, excessive eye rubbing
Although it can start at any time, Keratoconus usually begins during the teen years and slowly worsens before stabilizing during the 30s or 40s. Keratoconus can be difficult to diagnose (especially in the early stages), and all of the symptoms can be associated with other eye problems. Simply recognizing symptoms does not by itself diagnose Keratoconus. Keratoconus requires a diagnosis from a competent ophthalmologist trained in both recognizing the symptoms and in observing the signs of Keratoconus through direct measurements while inspecting the cornea at a microscopic level. Keratoconus is estimated to affect one in 2,000 people.
Standard Treatment Options
Even though 20% of patients may at some time need to undergo a corneal transplant, it is normally treated with rigid contact lenses to reshape and flatten the pronounced curve of the bulging cornea and to improve vision.
New Treatment Option: Intacs
For Keratoconus patients who are contact lens intolerant, there is now a revolutionary new procedure available using Intacs prescription inserts. Intacs provide a new option to improve both corrected and uncorrected vision, and may defer the need for a corneal transplant. Learn more about the benefits of the Intacs procedure here … Intacs
It Is Important To Detect Keratoconus Early
If you currently have concerns, or have any questions concerning this serious eye condition, contact us today to schedule a thorough examination or consultation.